Circles Notes For Class 10 Math Chapter 10 Download PDF
The path of all points that are equidistant from a fixed point is called a circle.
A line which intersects a circle in two distinct points is called a secant of the circle.
NOTE :- A line can meet a circle at most in two distinct points.
A line which meets a circle exactly at one point is called a tangent to the circle. In adjoining figure, the line BAC is a tangent to the circle with centre O.
NOTE :- The point where the line touches the circle is called its point of contact. In the figure â€˜Aâ€™ is the point of contact.
1. All points other than the point of contact of a tangent to a circle lie outside the circle.
2. No tangent can be drawn to a circle through a point inside the circle.
3. Not more than one tangent can be drawn to a circle at a point on the circumference of the circle.
4. Two tangents can be drawn to a circle from a point outside the circle.
AB and AC are two tangents drawn from the point A to the circle with centre 0.
NOTE :- The distance AB (or AC) is called the length of tangent.
The tangent at any point of a circle is perpendicular to the radius through the point of contact.
We have given a circle with centre 0 and a tangent XY to the circle at a point P then OP i perpendicular to XY.
The lengths of tangents drawn from an external point to a circle are equal. We have a circle with centre 0, a point P lying outside the circle and two tangents PQ, PR on the circle from P then PQ = PR.
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