Download Ncert Solutions For Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 6 Peasants And Farmers
• Look at the graph carefully. See how the price line moves up sharply in the 1790s and slumps dramatically after 1815. Can you explain why the line of the graph shows this pattern?
• What happened to the women and children? Cow keeping, collection of firewood, gleaning, gathering of fruits and berries from the common lands was earlier mostly done by women and children. Can you suggest how enclosures must have affected the lives of women and children? Can you imagine how the disappearance of common lands might have changed the relationship between men, women and children within the family?
• Read Sources C and D and answer the following.
• What is the peasant trying to say in Source C?
• What is John Middleton arguing?
• Re-read from Section 1.1 to 1.4 and summarize the two sides of the argument for and against open fields. Which argument do you sympathise with?
• On the arrows in the map indicate the commodities that flowed from one country to another.
• Imagine that you were asked by the Emperor of China to prepare a leaflet for young people about the harmful effects of opium. Find out about the effect of opium on the human body. Design your leaflet and give it an eyecatching title
• Imagine that you are the leader of a group of farmers protesting against having to grow opium. You have been granted a meeting with the local official of the East India Company. How would the conversation proceed? Divide the class into the two groups and act out the conversation you would have.
• Draw a timeline from 1650 to1930 showing the significant agricultural changes which you have read about in this chapter.
Fill in the following table with the events outlined in this chapter. Remember, there could be more than one change in a country.
Question 1. Explain briefly what the open field system meant to rural people in eighteenthcentury England. Look at the system from the point of view of :
• A rich farmer
• A labourer
• A peasant woman
Question 2. Explain briefly the factors which led to the enclosures in England.
Question 3. Why were threshing machines opposed by the poor in England?
Question 4. Who was Captain Swing? What did the name symbolise or represent?
Question 5. What was the impact of the westward expansion of settlers in the USA?
Question 6. What were the advantages and disadvantages of the use of mechanical harvesting machines in the USA?
Question 7. What lessons can we draw from the conversion of the countryside in the USA from a bread basket to a dust bowl?
Question 8. Write a paragraph on why the British insisted on farmers growing opium in India.
Question 9. Why were Indian farmers reluctant to grow opium?
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