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Socialism in Europe and the Russian ... NCERT Solutions Download

Download Ncert Solutions For Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 2 Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution

History : Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Download in pdf

Download NCERT Solution for Class 9 Social Science

History : Chapter 1 Socialism in Europe and
the Russian Revolution

(Link of Pdf file is given below at the end of the Questions List)

In this pdf file you can see answers of following Questions


Activity Socialism in Europe and
the Russian Revolution (The Age of Social Change)


• List two differences between the capitalist and socialist ideas of private property.


• Imagine that a meeting has been called in your area to discuss the socialist idea of doing away with private property and introducing collective ownership. Write the speech you would make at the meeting if you are:
• a poor labourer working in the fields
• a medium-level landowner
• a house owner


• Why were there revolutionary disturbances in Russia in 1905? What were the demands of revolutionaries?


• The year is 1916. You are a general in the Tsar’s army on the eastern front. You are writing a report for the government in Moscow. In your report suggest what you think the government should do to improve the situation.
• Identify the symbols in Box 1 which stand for liberty, equality and fraternity.


• Look again at Source A and Box 1.
• List five changes in the mood of the workers.
• Place yourself in the position of a woman who has seen both situations and write an account of what has changed.


• Read the two views on the revolution in the countryside. Imagine yourself to be a witness to the events. Write a short account from the standpoint of:
• an owner of an estate
• a small peasant
• a journalist


• Which groups of French society would have gained from the Constitution of 1791? Which groups would have had reason to be dissatisfied? What developments does Marat (Source B) anticipate in the future?


• Imagine the impact of the events in France on neighbouring countries such as Prussia, Austria-Hungary or Spain, all of which were absolute monarchies. How would the kings, traders, peasants, nobles or members of the clergy here have reacted to the news of what was happening in France?


• Why did people in Central Asia respond to the Russian Revolution in different ways?


• Compare the views of Desmoulins and Robespierre. How does each one understand the use of state force? What does Robespierre mean by ‘the war of liberty against tyranny’? How does Desmoulins perceive liberty? Refer once more to Source C. What did the constitutional laws on the rights of individuals lay down? Discuss your views on the subject in class.


• Compare the passages written by Shaukat Usmani and Rabindranath Tagore. Read them in relation to Sources C, D and E.
• What did Indians find impressive about the USSR ?
• What did the writers fail to notice?
• Compare the manifesto drafted by Olympe de Gouges (Source F) with the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen (Source C).


• Imagine yourself to be one of the women in Fig. 13. Formulate a response to the arguments put forward by Chaumette (Source G).


• Record your impressions of this print (Fig. 14). Describe the objects lying on the ground. What do they symbolise? What attitude does the picture express towards non-European slaves?


• Describe the picture in your own words. What are the images that the artist has used to communicate the following ideas: greed, equality, justice, takeover by the state of the assets of the church?


Question 1. Imagine that you are a striking worker in 1905 who is being tried in court for your act of rebellion. Draft the speech you would make in your defence. Act out your speech for your class.


Question 2. Write the headline and a short news item about the uprising of 24 October 1917 for each of the following newspapers


• a Conservative paper in France
• a Radical newspaper in Britain
• a Bolshevik newspaper in Russia

Question3. Imagine that you are a middle-level wheat farmer in Russia after collectivisation. You have decided to write a letter to Stalin explaining your objections to collectivisation. What would you write about the conditions of your life? What do you think would be Stalin’s response to such a farmer?


• The French Revolution saw the rise of newspapers describing the events of each day and week. Collect information and pictures on any one event and write a newspaper article. You could also conduct an imaginary interview with important personages such as Mirabeau, Olympe de Gouges or Robespierre. Work in groups of two or three. Each group could then put up their articles on a board to produce a wallpaper on the French Revolution.


Exercise Questions Events and Processes


Question 1. What were the social, economic and political conditions in Russia before 1905?


Question 2. In what ways was the working population in Russia different from other countries in Europe, before 1917?


Question 3. Why did the Tsarist autocracy collapse in 1917?


Question4. Make two lists: one with the main events and the effects of the February Revolution and the other with the main events and effects of the October Revolution. Write a paragraph on who was involved in each, who were the leaders and what was the impact of each on Soviet history.


Question5. What were the main changes brought about by the Bolsheviks immediately after the October Revolution?


Question6. Write a few lines to show what you know about:


• kulaks
• the Duma
• women workers between 1900 and 1930
• the Liberals Activities


Question 1.
Imagine that you are a striking worker in 1905 who is being tried in court for your act of rebellion. Draft the speech you would make in your defence. Act out your speech for your class.


Question 2.
Write the headline and a short news item about the uprising of 24 October 1917 for each of the following newspapers
• a Conservative paper in France
• a Radical newspaper in Britain
• a Bolshevik newspaper in Russia


Question 3. Imagine that you are a middle-level wheat farmer in Russia after collectivisation. You have decided to write a letter to Stalin explaining your objections to collectivisation. What would you write about the conditions of your life? What do you think would be Stalin’s response to such a farmer? Activities



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