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Relations And Functions Class 11 NCERT Solutions

NCERT Solutions Class 11 Mathematics Chapter 2 Relations And Functions Download In Pdf

chapter 2 Relations And Functions Download in pdf

Chapter 2 Relations And Functions

Download NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Mathematics

(Link of Pdf file is given below at the end of the Questions List)

In this pdf file you can see answers of following Questions

EXERCISE  2.1


Qusetion 1. If 1 2 5 1 3 3 33 , find the values of x and y.


Question 2. If the set A has 3 elements and the set B = {3, 4, 5}, then find the number of elements in (A×B).


Question 3. If G = {7, 8} and H = {5, 4, 2}, find G × H and H × G.


Question 4. State whether each of the following statements are true or false. If the statement is false, rewrite the given statement correctly.
(i) If P = {m, n} and Q = { n, m}, then P × Q = {(m, n),(n, m)}.
(ii) If A and B are non-empty sets, then A × B is a non-empty set of ordered pairs (x, y) such that x ∈ A and y ∈ B.
(iii) If A = {1, 2}, B = {3, 4}, then A × (B ∩ φ) = φ.


Question 5. If A = {–1, 1}, find A × A × A. 6. If A × B = {(a, x),(a , y), (b, x), (b, y)}. Find A and B.


Question 6. Let A = {1, 2}, B = {1, 2, 3, 4}, C = {5, 6} and D = {5, 6, 7, 8}. Verify that (i) A × (B ∩ C) = (A × B) ∩ (A × C). (ii) A × C is a subset of B × D.


Question 7. Let A = {1, 2} and B = {3, 4}. Write A × B. How many subsets will A × B have? List them.


Question 8. Let A and B be two sets such that n(A) = 3 and n(B) = 2. If (x, 1), (y, 2), (z, 1) are in A × B, find A and B, where x, y and z are distinct elements.


10. The Cartesian product A × A has 9 elements among which are found (–1, 0) and\ (0,1). Find the set A and the remaining elements of A × A


EXERCISE Question 2.2


Qusetion 1. Let A = {1, 2, 3,...,14}. Define a relation R from A to A by R = {(x, y) : 3x – y = 0, where x, y ∈ A}. Write down its domain, codomain and range. 


Question 2. Define a relation R on the set N of natural numbers by R = {(x, y) : y = x + 5, x is a natural number less than 4; x, y ∈N}. Depict this relationship using roster form. Write down the domain and the range.


Question 3. A = {1, 2, 3, 5} and B = {4, 6, 9}. Define a relation R from A to B by R = {(x, y): the difference between x and y is odd; x ∈ A, y ∈ B}. Write R in roster form.


Question 4. The Fi 2.7 shows a relationship between the sets P and Q. Write this relation (i) in set-builder form (ii) roster form. What is its domain and range?


Question 5. Let A = {1, 2, 3, 4, 6}. Let R be the relation on A defined by {(a, b): a , b ∈A, b is exactly divisible by a}.
(i) Write R in roster form
(ii) Find the domain of R
(iii) Find the range of R.


Question 6. Determine the domain and range of the relation R defined by R = {(x, x + 5) : x ∈ {0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5}}.


Question 7. Write the relation R = {(x, x3) : x is a prime number less than 10} in roster form.


Question 8. Let A = {x, y, z} and B = {1, 2}. Find the number of relations from A to B.


Question 9. Let R be the relation on Z defined by R = {(a,b): a, b ∈ Z, a – b is an integer}. Find the domain and range of R.


EXERCISE 2.3


Qusetion 1. Which of the following relations are functions? Give reasons. If it is a function, determine its domain and range.
(i) {(2,1), (5,1), (8,1), (11,1), (14,1), (17,1)}
(ii) {(2,1), (4,2), (6,3), (8,4), (10,5), (12,6), (14,7)}
(iii) {(1,3), (1,5), (2,5)}.


Question 2. Find the domain and range of the following real functions: (i) f(x) = – x (ii) f(x) = 9 − x 2.


Question 3. A function f is defined by f(x) = 2x –5. Write down the values of (i) f (0), (ii) f (7), (iii) f (–3).


Question 4. The function ‘t’ which maps temperature in degree Celsius into temperature in degree Fahrenheit is defined by t(C) = 9C 5 + 3 2.Find
(i) t(0)
(ii) t(28)
(iii) t(–10)
(iv) The value of C, when t(C) = 212.


Question 5. Find the range of each of the following functions.
(i) f (x) = 2 – 3x, x ∈ R, x > 0.
(ii) f (x) = x2 + 2, x is a real number.
(iii) f (x) = x, x is a real number 



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