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=In text Questions of page no 100

=In text Questions of page no 102

=In text Questions of page no 103

 

In text Questions of page no 103

In text Questions of page no 103

Q. No 1: When will you say a body is in (i) uniform acceleration? (ii) non-uniform acceleration?
Ans:
(i) A body is said to have uniform acceleration if it travels in a straight path and the velocity of a body increases or decreases by equal amounts in an equal interval of time.
(ii) A body is said to have non-uniform acceleration if it travels in a straight and the velocity of a body increases or decreases in unequal amounts in an equal interval of time.

 

Q. No 2: A bus decreases its speed from 80 km h-1 to 60 km h-1 in 5 s. Find the acceleration of the bus.
Ans:

Initial velocity of the bus, u = 80 km/h
$ = 80 \times {5 \over {18}} = 22.22m/s$ 

Final velocity of the bus,   v = 60 km/h
$ = 60 \times {5 \over {18}} = 16.67m/s$

Time take (t) = 5 s
Now acceleration(a)

$\eqalign{ & = {{v - u} \over t} \cr & = {{16.67 - 22.22} \over 5} \cr & = {{ - 5.55} \over 5} \cr & = - 1.11m{s^{ - 2}} \cr} $ 


when acceleration is negative then it is called retardation.

 

Q. No 3: A train starting from a railway station and moving with uniform acceleration attains a speed 40 km h-1 in 10 minutes. Find its acceleration.

Ans:

Initial velocity of the train (u) = 0 m/s

Final velocity of the train, v = 40 km/h
= 40×5/18=100/9 m/s
Time taken, t = 10 min = 10 × 60 = 600 s
Now, acceleration

$\eqalign{ & a = {{v - u} \over t} \cr & = {{{{100} \over 9} - 0} \over {600}} \cr & = {{100} \over {9 \times 600}} \cr & = {1 \over {54}}m/{s^2} \cr} $



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uniform acceleration, non-uniform acceleration,Find its acceleration

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