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=In text Questions of page no 100

=In text Questions of page no 102

=In text Questions of page no 103

 

In text Questions of page no 102

In text Questions of page no 102

 

Q. No. 1 Distinguish between speed and velocity.
Ans:

Speed

Velocity

Speed has only magnitude and no direction and hence it is a scalar quantity.

Velocity has magnitude as well as direction and hence it is a vector quantity.

Speed of a moving object cannot be zero.

Velocity of a moving object can be zero.

The rate of change of distance is known as speed.

The rate of change of displacement is known as velocity.

 

Q. No 2: Under what condition(s) is the magnitude of average velocity of an object equal to its average speed?
Ans:
The condition where the total distance covered by an object is the same as its displacement, then its average speed would be equal to its average velocity.

 

Q. No 3: What does the odometer of an automobile measure?
Ans:
The odometer of an automobile measures the total distance covered by an automobile.

 

Q. No 4: What does the path of an object look like when it is in uniform motion?
Ans:
When an object is in uniform motion then its path will be a straight line straight line.

 

Q. No 5: During an experiment, a signal from a spaceship reached the ground station in five minutes. What was the distance of the spaceship from the ground station? The signal travels at the speed of light, that is, 3 × 108 m s−1.

Ans: Time taken by the signal = 5 minute = 5 × 60 = 300 s
Speed of the signal                = 3 × 108 m/s
We know that
Speed= Distance/Time
Therefore Distance= Speed × Time
                          = 3 × 108 × 300
                          = 9 × 1010 m
So the distance of the spaceship from the ground station is 9 × 1010 m.

 





Distinguish between speed and velocity,What does the odometer of an automobile measure,What does the path of an object look like when it is in uniform motion


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