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## Question 4. Which of the following pairs of linear equations are consistent/inconsistent? If consistent, obtain the solution graphically:

Question 4. Which of the following pairs of linear equations are consistent/inconsistent? If consistent, obtain the solution graphically:

(i) x + y = 5, 2x + 2y = 10

Convert the equation in form of a1x + b1y + c1 = 0  and a2x+ b2y + c2 = 0
We get
x + y  -5 = 0, 2 x + 2 y  -10 = 0
Compare the equation with

We get
a1 = 1,            b1       = 1,                 and c1 = -5
a2 = 2             b2        = 2                   and c2 = - 10

So we get

Dependent and consistent  so it will have many solutions .

(ii)  x – y = 8, 3x – 3y = 16

Convert the equation in form of
a1x + b1y + c1 = 0  and a2x+ b2y + c2 = 0
We get
x – y -8 = , 3x – 3y -16 = 0
Compare the equation with

We get
a1 = 1,  b1     = - 1,              and c1 = - 8
a2 = 3  b2      =  - 3               and c2 = - 16

So we get

So both lines are Inconsistent
(iii) 2x + y – 6 = 0, 4x – 2y – 4 = 0
Compare the equation with

We get
a1 = 2,            b1       =  1,                and c1 = - 6
a2 = 4             b2        =  - 2               and c2 = - 4

So we get

So both lines are consistent

Solve the equations graphically
2x + y – 6 = 0,
Subtract 2x and add 6 both side we get
y  = 6 – 2x
plug x = 1,2 and 3 we get
y         =  6 - 2 * 1      = 4
y         = 6 -  2 * 2      = 2
y          =  6 -  2 * 3     = 0

 X 1 2 3 y 4 2 0

4 x – 2 y – 4 = 0
Divide by 2 we get
2 x – y - 2                  = 0
Add y both side we get
2 x – 2            = y
or
y          = 2x – 2
plug x  = 1.2 and 3 we get
y          = 2 * 1 – 2      = 0
y          = 2 * 2 – 2      = 2
y          = 2 * 3 – 2      =  4

 X 1 2 3 y 0 2 4

Answer x = 2 and y = 2

(iv) 2x – 2y – 2 = 0, 4x – 4y – 5 = 0
Compare the equation with

We get
a1 = 2,            b1       = - 2,              and c1 = - 2
a2 = 2             b2        =  - 2               and c2 = - 5

So we get

So both lines are Inconsistent

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Question 4. Which of the following pairs of linear equations are consistent/inconsistent?